What is an aldehyde with 3 carbons?

Aldehydes and ketones have higher melting and boiling points than hydrocarbons of equivalent molecular weight. This is due to the attraction between molecule due to the polarity of the carbonyl group. This type of attraction is referred to as dipole-dipole forces of attraction.

IUPAC Rules for Naming Aldehydes
1. Determine the parent hydrocarbon.
2. Replace -e with ´┐Żal.
3. Number the carbon chain with the carbonyl group as number one.

IUPAC and Common names of Aldehydes

Methanal (formaldehyde)   
What is an aldehyde with 3 carbons?
 Ethanal (acetaldehyde)   
What is an aldehyde with 3 carbons?
Propanal (propionaldehyde)
What is an aldehyde with 3 carbons?
Butanal (butyraldehyde)   
What is an aldehyde with 3 carbons?
Pentanal (valeraldehyde)   
What is an aldehyde with 3 carbons?
2-Methylpropanal   
What is an aldehyde with 3 carbons?

The common names of the aldehydes are derived from the same Latin roots as the corresponding carboxylic acids. In the common system of nomenclature, substituted aldehydes are named as derivative of the straight-chain parent compound.

What is an aldehyde with 3 carbons?

Greek letters are used to indicate the position of the substituents.
What is an aldehyde with 3 carbons?

2-Phenylbutanal = a-phenylbutyraldehyde

What is an aldehyde with 3 carbons?

3-Methylpentanal = b-methylvaleraldehyde

IUPAC Rules for Naming Ketones
1. Determine parent hydrocarbon.
2. Replace -e with -one.
3. Carbonyl carbon is numbered as lowest possible value.

Propanone (acetone)   
What is an aldehyde with 3 carbons?
Butanone  (methyl ethyl ketone)  
What is an aldehyde with 3 carbons?

 2-Pentanone   
What is an aldehyde with 3 carbons?
3-Pentanone  
What is an aldehyde with 3 carbons?
Acetophenone 
What is an aldehyde with 3 carbons?
Benzophenone 
What is an aldehyde with 3 carbons?

Common Aldehydes and Ketones
(The following information was obtained at: http://www.bartleby.com.)
Formaldehyde (methanal) is a colorless gaseous compound, HCHO, the simplest aldehyde, used for manufacturing melamine and phenolic resins, fertilizers, dyes, and embalming fluids and in aqueous solution as a preservative and disinfectant.

Acetaldehyde (ethanal) is a colorless, flammable liquid, C2H4O, used to manufacture acetic acid, perfumes, and drugs. Also called aldehyde.

Acetone (propanone) is a colorless, volatile, extremely flammable liquid ketone, CH3COCH3, widely used as an organic solvent.

Benzaldehyde is a normally colorless aromatic oil, C6H5CHO, obtained naturally, as from the bitter almond, or made synthetically and used in perfumes and as a solvent and a flavoring.

What is an aldehyde with 3 carbons?

Reactions of Aldehydes and Ketones
Preparation of Aldehydes and Ketones

[O]
1o alcohol ------> Aldehyde[O]
2o alcohol ------> Ketone[O]
3o alcohol ------> NR[O]
Methanol -----> MethanalOxidizing agents, [O], can be KMnO4/OH1- , H2CrO4, or just oxygen  from air is some cases.

Oxidation Reactions
Aldehydes are easily oxidized to carboxylic acids, whereas ketones do not generally undergo further oxidation.

What is an aldehyde with 3 carbons?

What is an aldehyde with 3 carbons?

Tollen's Test for Aldehydes
Aldehyde + AgNO3 + NaOH + NH3 ---> RCO21-Na1+ + Ag

Benedict's or Fehling's Test for Aldehydes
Aldehyde + [Cu2+complex] --> RCO2H + Cu2O
                            Blue                    Brick-red

Reduction Reactions
Hydrogenation

What is an aldehyde with 3 carbons?

Addition Reactions
If a carbonyl compound is treated with excess alcohol in the presence of a trace of acid, aldehydes will give an acetal product, whereas ketones will give a ketal product.

What is an aldehyde with 3 carbons?

What is an aldehyde with 3 carbons?

All molecule of this general type will be classified as acetals.

Keto-enol tautomerism
Carbonyl compounds with one or more hydrogens on their a-carbons rapidly interconvert with their corresponding enols.

Aldol Condensation
The aldol condensation is a reaction in which aldehydes and ketones react to form larger molecules. A new carbon-carbon bond is formed.

In this generalized reaction the a-carbon of one aldehyde forms a bond with the carbonyl carbon of the other aldehyde.

How many carbons are in an aldehyde?

In formaldehyde, the simplest aldehyde, the carbonyl group is bonded to two hydrogen atoms. In all other aldehydes, the carbonyl group is bonded to one hydrogen and one carbon group.

What is the name for 3 carbon atom?

4.2 Alkanes.

Why do ketones have 3 carbon atoms?

Because the carbonyl group in a ketone must be attached to two carbon groups, the simplest ketone has three carbon atoms.

What classification of compound is CH 3 CHO?

Acetaldehyde (IUPAC systematic name ethanal) is an organic chemical compound with the formula CH3CHO, sometimes abbreviated by chemists as MeCHO (Me = methyl). It is a colorless liquid or gas, boiling near room temperature.