Length of a football field in meters

The football field and its dimensions

The size of a football (soccer) field is about 100 metres long and 60 metres wide, but in official games there are regulations about the minimum and maximum dimension. In the world football the most official dimensions are those that had been decied by FIFA (The Fédération Internationale de Football Association).

Length of a football field in meters

According to the stipulations from FIFA a football field should have specific minimum and maximum dimensions:

  • The length (touch line) has to be minimum 90 metres (100 yds) and maximum 120 metres (130 yds).
  • The width (goal line) has to be minimum 45 metres (50 yds) and maximum 90 metres (100 yds).

For international matches the rules are somewhat stricter:

  • The length has to be minimum 100 metres and maximum 110 metres.
  • The width has to be minimum 64 metres and maximum 75 metres.

In 1800s, the fields could be up to 100 yards wide and 200 yards long. The boundaries were only marked by flags until 1882 when boundary lines, as well as a halfway line (the center circle became a standard five years later), on the turf were enforced.

The goal area

The goal area is the small box inside the penalty area. The FIFA rules stipulates that the distance from each goalpost to the lines that goes parallel with the touch line should be 5.5 metres. When the size of a standard goal is added it makes the distance between the lines 18.32 metres.

Length of a football field in meters

The penalty area

The penalty area is the bigger box close to the goal that integrates the goal area and the penalty mark (it was introduced in 1887 and was complemented by D-shaped curve in 1937). The lines that extend into the fields are 16.5 metres and they have a 40.32 metres distance from each other.

The penalty mark is 11 metres from the goal line and centered on the fields' goal line.

Length of a football field in meters


A very common field dimension among the top clubs in the world is 105 × 68 metres (114.8 × 74.4 yds), since this is a recommendation from UEFA. Some famous stadiums and the dimension of their football fields:

Camp Nou: 105 × 68 metres
Wembley: 105 × 68 metres
Old Trafford: 105 × 68 metres
Emirates Stadium: 105 × 68 metres
San Siro: 105 × 68 metres
Allianz Arena: 105 × 68 metres
Maracanã: 105 × 68 metres
Tottenham Hotspur Stadium: 105 × 68 metres
Stamford Bridge: 103 × 67 metres
Anfield: 101 × 68 metres

According to the guidelines of UEFA, it should be an additional 1-3 metres beyond the touchline to the advertising boards.


The grass

The grass length

The typical length of the grass on a pitch is 25-30 millimeters. The grass is often cut from side to side, in every other length, which brings visible stripes on the grass. This is made to help the assistant referees to spot offsides easier by giving vertical references.

The grass types

Depending of the climate, different turfgrass is needed. In cooler regions grass species like ryegrass, meadow-grass and tall faescue is used. In warmer regions, species such as bermudagrass, zoysia species and seashore paspalum is used.

The drainage

Among the UEFA guidelines is considerations for drainage. To avoid that pitch is filled with water in heavy rain, it should be a sand-dominated root zone below the pitch turf. Underlaying this sand-dominated zone is a pipe-drained sub-base.

The goalpost

Until 1882, the goalposts would lack a crossbar and goals could be approved when the ball was kicked between the post several metres up in the air. A period before the crossbar were introduced, a ribbon about 2.5 meters above the ground were used as marking the height. The net would be introduced ten years later in England. In the beginning of the 1900s, round and oval goal posts were introduced instead of the previous square variants.

The Ball is Round: A Global History of Football – David Goldblatt (2008)

This article is about the playing field for the game of association ("soccer") football. For playing fields for other football codes, see Football field (disambiguation).

Length of a football field in meters

Standard pitch measurements. Not all pitches are the same size, though the preferred size for many professional teams' stadiums is 105 by 68 metres (115 yd × 74 yd) with an area of 7,140 square metres (76,900 sq ft; 1.76 acres; 0.714 ha).

A football pitch (also known as soccer field)[1] is the playing surface for the game of association football. Its dimensions and markings are defined by Law 1 of the Laws of the Game, "The Field of Play".[2] The pitch is typically made of natural turf or artificial turf, although amateur and recreational teams often play on dirt fields. Artificial surfaces are allowed only to be green in colour.

All line markings on the pitch form part of the area which they define. For example, a ball on or above the touchline is still on the field of play, and a foul committed over the line bounding the penalty area results in a penalty. Therefore, a ball has to completely cross the touchline to be out of play, and a ball has to wholly cross the goal line (between the goal posts) in order for a goal to be scored; if any part of the ball is still on or above the line, a goal is not scored and the ball is still in play.

The field descriptions that apply to adult matches are described below. Because of the role of the British football associations in the history of the game, the dimensions of the field of play were originally formulated and expressed in imperial units. Since 1997, the Laws of the Game have preferred metric units, with imperial equivalents given only in brackets. Because the actual values have, in general, not changed since the early twentieth century, they tend to be round numbers in imperial units (for example the width of the goal, unchanged since 1863, is 8 yards or 7.32 metres). Use of the imperial values remains common, especially in the United Kingdom.

Pitch boundary[edit]

The goal line at the Stretford End of Old Trafford in Stretford (1992)

The pitch is rectangular in shape. The longer sides are called touchlines and the shorter sides are called the goal lines. The two goal lines are between 45 and 90 m (50 and 100 yd) wide and have to be of the same length.[3] The two touchlines are between 90 and 120 m (100 and 130 yd) long and have to be of the same length.[3] All lines on the ground are equally wide, not to exceed 12 cm (5 in).[3] The corners of the pitch are marked by corner flags.[4]

For international matches the field dimensions are more tightly constrained; the goal lines are between 64 and 75m wide (70 and 82yds) and the touchlines are between 100 and 110 m (110 and 120 yd) long.[3] The majority of top-level professional football pitches, including those belonging to teams in the English Premier League, measure 112 yards (102.4m) to 115 (105.2m) yards long and 70 yards (64.0m) to 75 yards (68.6m) wide.[5]

Although the term goal line is often taken to mean only that part of the line between the goalposts, in fact it refers to the complete line at either end of the pitch, from one corner flag to the other. In contrast the term byline (or by-line) is often used to refer to that portion of the goal line outside the goalposts. This term is commonly used in football commentaries and match descriptions, such as this example from a BBC match report: "Udeze gets to the left byline and his looping cross is cleared..."[6]


Length of a football field in meters

Goals are placed at the centre of each goal-line.[7] These consist of two upright posts placed equidistant from the corner flagposts, joined at the top by a horizontal crossbar. The inner edges of the posts are regulated to be 7.32 metres (24 ft) (wide) apart, and the lower edge of the crossbar is elevated to 2.44 metres (8 ft) above the pitch. As a result, the area that players shoot at is 17.86 sq. metres (192 sq. feet).[8] Nets are usually placed behind the goal, though are not required by the Laws.

Goalposts and crossbars have to be white, and made of wood, metal or other approved material. Rules regarding the shape of goalposts and crossbars are somewhat more lenient, but they have to conform to a shape that does not pose a threat to players. Since the beginning of football there have always been goalposts, but the crossbar was not invented until 1875, before which a string between the goalposts was used.[9]

A goal is scored when the ball wholly crosses the goal line between the goal-posts and beneath the crossbar, even if a defending player last touched the ball before it crossed the goal line (see own goal). A goal may, however, be ruled illegal (and void by the referee) if the player who scored or a member of their team commits an offence under any of the laws between the time the ball was previously out of play and the goal being scored. It is also deemed void if a player on the opposing team commits an offence before the ball has passed the line, as in the case of fouls being committed, a penalty awarded but the ball continued on a path that caused it to cross the goal line.

The football goal size for a junior match goal is approximately half the size of an adult sized match goal.[10]

History of football goals and nets[edit]

Football goals were first described in England in the late 16th and early 17th centuries. In 1584 and 1602 respectively, John Norden and Richard Carew referred to "goals" in Cornish hurling. Carew described how goals were made: "they pitch two bushes in the ground, some eight or ten foote asunder; and directly against them, ten or twelue [twelve] score off, other twayne in like distance, which they terme their Goales".[11] The first reference to scoring a goal is in John Day's play The Blind Beggar of Bethnal Green (performed circa 1600; published 1659). Similarly in a poem in 1613, Michael Drayton refers to "when the Ball to throw, And drive it to the Gole, in squadrons forth they goe". Solid crossbars were first introduced by the Sheffield Rules. Football nets were invented by Liverpool engineer John Brodie in 1891,[12] and they were a necessary help for discussions about whether or not a goal had been scored.[13]

Penalty and goal areas[edit]

Length of a football field in meters

The penalty area is the large marked rectangular area. The smaller rectangle within it is the goal area (here, the yellow-shirted goalkeeper is the only player in the goal area). The penalty arc is the curved line adjoining the "top" of the penalty area (here, the red-shirted referee is standing near the arc).

Two rectangular boxes are marked out on the pitch in front of each goal.[3]

The goal area (colloquially the "six-yard box"), consists of the rectangle formed by the goal-line, two lines starting on the goal-line 5.5 metres (6 yd) from the goalposts and extending 5.5 metres (6 yd) into the pitch from the goal-line, and the line joining these, i.e. they are a rectangle 6yds by 20yds. Goal kicks and any free kick by the defending team may be taken from anywhere in this area. Indirect free kicks awarded to the attacking team within the goal area are taken from the point on the line parallel to the goal line (the "six-yard line") nearest where the infringement occurred; they cannot be taken any closer to the goal line. Similarly drop-balls that would otherwise occur closer to the goal line are taken on this line.[14]

The penalty area (colloquially "the 18-yard box" or just "the box") is similarly formed by the goal-line and lines extending from it, but its lines start 16.5 metres (18 yd) from the goalposts and extend 16.5 metres (18 yd) into the field. i.e. this is a rectangle 44yds by 18 yds. This area has a number of functions, the most prominent being to denote where the goalkeeper may handle the ball and where a foul by a defender, usually punished by a direct free kick, becomes punishable by a penalty kick. Both the goal and penalty areas were formed as semicircles until 1902.[13]

The penalty mark (colloquially "the penalty spot" or just "the spot") is 11 metres (12 yd) in front of the very centre of the goal: this is the point from where penalty kicks are taken.

The penalty arc (colloquially "the D") is marked from the outside edge of the penalty area, 9.15 metres (10 yd) from the penalty mark; this, along with the penalty area, marks an exclusion zone for all players other than the penalty kicker and defending goalkeeper during a penalty kick.[15]

Other markings[edit]

The centre circle is marked at 9.15 metres (10 yd) from the centre mark. Similar to the penalty arc, this indicates the minimum distance that opposing players have to keep at kick-off; the ball itself is placed on the centre mark.[13] During penalty shootouts all players other than the two goalkeepers and the current kicker are required to remain within this circle.

The half-way line divides the pitch in two. The half which a team defends is commonly referred to as being their half. Players have to be located within their own half at a kick-off and may not be penalised as being offside in their own half. The intersections between the half-way line and the touchline can be indicated with flags like those marking the corners – the laws consider this as an optional feature.[4]

The arcs in the corners denote the area (within 1 yard of the corner) in which the ball has to be placed for corner kicks; opposition players have to be 9.15 m (10 yd) away during a corner, and there may be optional lines off-pitch 9.15 metres (10 yards) away from the corner arc on the goal- and touch-lines to help gauge these distances.[7]


Grass is the normal surface of play, although artificial turf may sometimes be used especially in locations where maintenance of grass may be difficult due to inclement weather. This may include areas where it is very wet, causing the grass to deteriorate rapidly; where it is very dry, causing the grass to die; and where the turf is under heavy use. Artificial turf pitches are also increasingly common in the Nordic countries, due to the amount of snow during the winter months. The strain put on grass pitches by the cold climate and subsequent snow clearing has necessitated the installation of artificial turf in the stadia of many top-tier clubs in Norway, Sweden and Finland. The latest artificial surfaces use rubber crumbs, as opposed to the previous system of sand infill. Some leagues and football associations have specifically prohibited artificial surfaces due to injury concerns and require teams' home stadia to have grass pitches. All artificial turf has to be green and also meet the requirements specified in the FIFA Quality Concept for Football Turf.[16][17][18]

Football can also be played on a dirt or gravel field. In most parts of the world dirt is used only for casual recreational play.

In the winter the pitch may be used for bandy by being filled with water which is allowed to freeze.

See also[edit]

  • Football field (for each football code)
  • Turf management
  • Groundskeeping


  1. ^ For example, George Cumming, Manager Project Future Referees (9 December 2009). "Evolution of football field markings". Asian Football Confederation. Archived from the original on 23 October 2013.
  2. ^ "Premiership football stadiums". TalkFootball. Retrieved 6 January 2011.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Laws of the Game 2011/2012" (PDF). FIFA. p. 7. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 July 2011. Retrieved 12 August 2011.
  4. ^ a b "Laws of the Game 2011/2012" (PDF). FIFA. p. 8. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 July 2011. Retrieved 12 August 2011.
  5. ^ football pitch size guide Net World Sports
  6. ^ Match report BBC
  7. ^ a b "Laws of the Game 2011/2012" (PDF). FIFA. p. 9. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 July 2011. Retrieved 12 August 2011.
  8. ^ "Laws of the Game : 2013/2014" (PDF). FIFA. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 July 2013. Retrieved 21 September 2018.
  9. ^ Hornby, Hugh (2000). Football. Dorling Kindersley Ltd. p. 12. ISBN 8778267633.
  10. ^ "Football Goal Size". Quickplay Sport. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  11. ^ Richard Carew. "EBook of The Survey of Cornwall". Project Gutenberg. Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 3 October 2007.
  12. ^ Herbert, Ian (7 July 2000). "Blue plaque for man who invented football goal net". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on 6 April 2010. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
  13. ^ a b c Hornby, Hugh (2000). Football. Dorling Kindersley Ltd. p. 13. ISBN 8778267633.
  14. ^ "Laws of the Game 2011/2012" (PDF). FIFA. p. 30. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 July 2011. Retrieved 20 March 2019.
  15. ^ "Laws of the Game 2011/2012" (PDF). FIFA. p. 42. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 July 2011. Retrieved 20 March 2019.
  16. ^ "Laws of the Game 2011/2012" (PDF). FIFA. p. 6. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 July 2011. Retrieved 12 August 2011.
  17. ^ "FIFA Quality Concept for Football Turf" (PDF). FIFA. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 November 2009. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
  18. ^ "FIFA Quality Concept" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 November 2009. Retrieved 14 February 2012.

How many meters long is a football field?

The rectangular field of play used for American football games measures 100 yards (91.44 m) long between the goal lines, and 160 feet (48.8 m) (53.3 yards) wide. The field may be made of grass or artificial turf.

Is 100m the size of a football field?

The size of a football (soccer) field is about 100 metres long and 60 metres wide, but in official games there are regulations about the minimum and maximum dimension. In the world football the most official dimensions are those that had been decied by FIFA (The Fédération Internationale de Football Association).

What is the standard size of a football field?

The dimensions of a football field are important to all football players and coaches. The football field's length is 360 feet (120 yards), and the width is 160 feet (53.3 yards). The hash marks are different based on the level. Youth, high school, college, and the NFL have different hash marks.