Physical activities for 3-4 year olds

Children between the ages of 3 and 5 are typically vivacious and enjoy turning almost everything into a game. This innate playfulness is beneficial, because physical activity helps them develop the motor skills and confidence they’ll need for the rest of their lives. Foster your own child’s physical development by inviting him to participate in developmentally appropriate activities.

Obstacle Courses

Gross motor skills are physical skills that involve large muscle groups. Walking, jumping, leaping and climbing are just some examples of gross motor skills that children must work on to perfect. Encourage your small child to practice these skills by setting up an obstacle course with objects such as shoe boxes to jump over, tables to crawl under, step stools to jump from and hoops to crawl through. Request various methods of movements between obstacles, such as tiptoeing, bouncing or riding a tricycle.

Art Projects

Physical activities for 3-4 year olds

Tumbling Activities for Toddlers

Fine-motor skills are physical abilities that require the use of small muscles. Grasping objects, drawing a circle and using scissors are a few examples. A vast array of artistic opportunities will provide your young child with a chance to perfect her fine-motor skills. For example, show your child how to create puppets out of old socks or paper bags and put on a puppet show from behind a table. Finger painting, playing with clay and using sidewalk chalk are also open-ended activities that can provide hours of entertainment and developmental opportunities for your child.

Play-Pretend Activities

Your preschooler is becoming a pro at using his imagination. Foster his innate creativity and encourage development of both fine and gross motor skills by encouraging him to make believe. Play “zoo” and ask him to crawl and pounce like a tiger, eat like a squirrel, flap his wings like a bird and gallop like a horse. Take a walk with your youngster and make up an adventure story as you stroll, including fanciful ideas like walking through a jungle and spotting a monkey swinging from the tree branches. Don't forget favorite games such as Simon Says and freeze dance to give your child imaginative and active play time.

Outdoor Free Play

Physical activities for 3-4 year olds

List of Cognitive Development Activities for Toddlers

Simply allowing your child to play outside will help her develop physical skills. Basic activities such as spinning in circles, running and skipping require no fancy equipment. Still, encourage diversity by taking your child to a playground or inviting her to participate in activities such as washing the dog, playing with bubbles, tossing a ball or going on a nature walk with the family.

Toddlers are known for being an active bunch. They like to explore, move around, and try new things. Pediatricians typically recommend that toddlers get at least 30 minutes of structured physical activity every day. They also recommend at least 60 minutes daily of active play or unstructured physical activity.

These goals can be challenging to meet on days when you are stuck inside, though—especially if you feel like you are short on ideas. To make getting moving a little easier, we have put together some activities you can do at home to make sure your toddler stays active and engaged. Plan to do several activities each day and stretch each activity to 10 minutes or longer if your toddler's attention span will allow it.

Obstacle Course

Get creative and use whatever you have around the house to build a toddler-appropriate obstacle course. For instance, you could begin with a climb over a big pillow followed by a crawl through a cardboard box, a circle around a footstool, and finally a dash through a doorway.

Clear away any obstacles in case your child stumbles while going through the course. And, add to the fun of this toddler activity by starting the race with a whistle. You can even use a crepe paper ribbon in the doorway for them to break through at the finish line.

Hide and Seek

Some toddlers might be frightened by hiding or not being able to find you if you hide, so exercise caution when playing this game. Hide in obvious areas with a leg or arm visible at first until they are comfortable playing.

You can make little noises by clearing your throat or coughing to aid them even further in finding you.

Initially, when you begin the game (by counting and then announcing "ready or not, here I come") you may need to count for your child. You can also just count very slowly to three in order to teach counting—and then work up incrementally to 10.

If your toddler wants a turn hiding, take time to explain the unsafe places to hide particularly those where they might suffocate. For instance, they should not try to hide in a freezer or refrigerator, a plastic bin with lid, the dryer, a vehicle, or a cedar chest. You may want to limit your area of hiding to just one or two rooms to ensure you know where they are at all times.


Dancing to music is an excellent way to work in some physical activity. Toddlers are naturally inclined to love music and move their bodies along with it. Turn on some boppy tunes while making lunch or to get your child motivated to clean up their toys.

You also can be more spontaneous if you want and pick three random songs and just start grooving. Or, you can plan a little dance party for your toddler. The key is to get them moving to the music and make it fun.

Organized Exercise

If you already do some type of organized exercise at home, like aerobics or yoga, get your toddler involved. While it is unlikely your toddler will want to do the entire workout with you and will instead opt to play nearby, you can invite them to join you for the warm-up or maybe just the last 10 minutes.

You can also build in an additional toddler-friendly 10 minutes at the end to cool down or even add a special yoga sequence just for them. Even though this workout might be for your benefit, it is a good idea for them to share this experience with you and learn from your example.


Stretching is a great way to squeeze in some physical activity. You can teach your toddler to stretch each morning or practice stretching after you have been sitting for a while, such as after reading or watching a movie.

Call out stretches like, "reach to the sky and keep reaching," "touch your toes," or "bend to the side." Just keep it simple and show your little one how to stretch their muscles. Soon they will be able to do it on their own.


The point of a parade is something near and dear to a toddler's heart—showing off and celebrating. So anytime you have cause, put on some marching music and go.

New shoes, potty training success, or mastering a new skill? These are all reasons to happily strut through all the rooms of the house. Or, you can play dress up and have a parade as part of the experience. If your child knows or is learning how to gallop, skip, or hop, incorporate these moves into your parade too.

To make your parade even more enjoyable, help your child decorate a banner or sign to carry. Then arrange a crowd of stuffed animals to watch, and wave to them as you parade past.

Scavenger Hunt

Pick several toys, balls, or other objects and hide them around your home. You can create a list with drawings or pictures of the objects and help your toddler cross them off.

Refrain from hiding things in difficult spots and exercise caution when hiding beloved objects like security blankets or pacifiers. Always ask your toddler first before hiding these items.

Some toddlers love this idea and think it's fun to find their favorite things. But others might have a meltdown at the mere thought of being separated from their most prized possessions.

Find the Timer

Hide a ticking kitchen timer set to 5 minutes. Your toddler should be able to detect the ticking noise getting louder as they get closer.

The object of the game is to find the timer before it goes off, so try to set them up for success by choosing a hiding spot they are likely to find. You can also indicate closeness by saying "hotter/colder" or by clapping faster or slower as they approach the object.

Be prepared to play this game multiple times. Many little ones will really enjoy the challenge of finding the timer. They also may enjoy setting the timer and hiding it for you as well.

Up and Down Game

Let your toddler hold an object (flags are especially fun for this game) and tell them to raise it high if you say a word that is high or hold it low if it's something that is low. So, if you say "ant" then they would hold the flag low because ants are usually on the ground. And, if you say "sky" they would hold the flag high.

Vary the game by having them jump when something is high or crouch low when something is low. Overall, this game is a great way to not only get them moving but also to challenge them intellectually.

And if they respond "high" when you think it should be low, ask them in fun way why they chose their answer (maybe the ants have climbed a tree!). Some toddlers may even decide to make the game more interesting by purposefully giving the wrong answers. Be sure to laugh and play along with their silliness.


Balancing is more than just a physical activity; it builds cognitive skills and helps your toddler learn body awareness. To start, use something flexible like a small beanbag and have your toddler try to walk a few feet with it balanced on their outstretched hand or on their head.

Once they have experienced success with a soft, flexible item, try other tasks like balancing a small board book on the head or walking across a room with a ball resting on a spoon.

Ball Activites

If you have the space to play with balls inside, go for it. Sit with legs spread and feet touching and roll a ball back and forth to each other. Extend the activity by trying to roll and catch with just one hand or by catching the ball with eyes closed.

Another fun ball activity is a bit like a relay race. If you have any area that forms a circle in your home, begin in one room and walk quickly through the other rooms in a perfect circle. You can also use a couch or a rug as destination spots.

Tell your child to stay in one spot while you walk quickly or jog around with the ball. Pass the ball to them and tell them to follow the same route to get the ball back to you. You can also use other objects like a stuffed animal or doll.

Painter's Tape

The wonderful thing about painter's tape is that you can stick it to floors and walls without worry of it damaging the surfaces. Plus, it is usually blue and can be easy for toddlers to see.

Use your painter's tape to create a hopscotch game in the hallway. Or, you can create different lines on the floor and have your toddler try to walk along them without falling off. Pretend that the floor around the painter's tape is water and that they do not want to fall in.

You can even use painter's tape to create a bullseye on the wall and have your toddler throw crumpled paper at the target. See how many times they can hit the target.

Balloon Tennis

Every toddler loves a good balloon toss and there is very little risk of things getting broken when you use balloons. So, blow up a few balloons and grab some paddles from the ping pong table (or create your own with paper plates and popsicle sticks) and play balloon tennis.

You can also play hot potato or balloon volleyball. Just be sure to keep the bag of balloons out of your toddler's reach, as they can be a choking hazard. Also talk to your toddler about the importance of not putting the balloon near their mouth. Clean up the pieces immediately if a balloon happens to pop.

Spider Web

Use double-sided tape to create a spider web on a poster board. If your toddler is interested, allow them to help make the web.

Then prop up the poster and arm your toddler with a bag full of cotton balls. Have them toss the cotton balls at the spider web to see how many they can get to stick.

Try variations of the game by having them stand on one leg when tossing the cotton ball or using different hands to throw. They also can see if they can form different patterns on the web with the cotton balls.

Clothespin and Milk Jug Games

Take a half-gallon or gallon plastic milk jug and clean it thoroughly. Purchase old-fashioned ball-top clothespins that don't have a spring. They are constructed of a single piece of wood and fit easily inside the opening of the jug.

For fine motor practice, let your toddler fill the jug. As an added bonus, have them practice counting the clothespins as they place them inside the jug.

Then, for a fun physical activity, have them hold the jug upside-down by the handle and shake it vigorously until all the clips fall out. They also can try jumping to see if that helps the clothespins fall out. Then make cleaning up another fun activity!

A Word From Verywell

Keeping your toddler physically active—and entertained—is no easy feat. But with a little creativity and planning, you can have a few fun games up your sleeves for those days when you cannot get outside to play.

Just remember that your toddler's attention span is short at this age. Depending on your toddler's interest, activities may not last long before they are ready to move on to something else. Of course, some toddlers will stick with something a little longer if they are really having fun, but shoot for 10 minutes of structured physical activity three or more times a day.

What are the physical activity recommendations for 3 5 year olds?

For preschoolers (3 to 5 years) They should be active for at least 3 hours each day. This should include 1 hour of energetic play, like: running – playing tips, ball games or races at the park. kicking, throwing and jumping – at the park or by creating fun obstacle courses at home.

What to do with a 3 and 4 year old?

Helping child development at 3-4 years Your child might like messy play in sand or mud, pretend play with puppets, or outdoor play with plenty of running, tumbling and rolling. Make time for creative and artistic play: this might be painting, drawing or dress-up games.

What are physical activities for preschoolers?

Types of Activity for Preschool-Aged Children.
Games such as tag or follow the leader..
Playing on a playground..
Tricycle or bicycle riding..
Walking, running, skipping, jumping, dancing..
Catching, throwing, or kicking games..
Gymnastics or tumbling..

What activities are good for 4 year old?

15 activities for 4-year-olds to educate and entertain.
Outdoor play. Sidewalk chalk. Using the sidewalk as a canvas inspires them to think big. ... .
Independent play. Book exploration. ... .
Creative play. Dough. ... .
Water play. Laboratory. ... .
Physical play. Playground..